On December of 2019, the world got introduced by a new respiratory illness called SARS-CoV2; formerly known as 2019-nCoV which later got a common name as COVID-19.
The outbreak was initially reported to the WHO on December 31, 2019, when it hit Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China.
On January 30, 2020, the WHO declared the COVID-19 outbreak as a global health emergency.
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On March 11, 2020, the WHO declared the COVID-19 outbreak a global pandemic.
SARS-CoV-2 is related to the coronavirus SARS-CoV, which caused another kind of coronavirus disease from 2002 to 2003.
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However, from what we know so far, SARS-CoV-2 is different from other coronaviruses and other viruses as well.
The evidence shows that COVID-19 may be transmitted more easily and cause life-threatening illness in some people.
Like other coronaviruses, COVID-19 can survive in the air and on surfaces long enough for someone to contact it.
It is possible that you could catch COVID-19 if you touch your face, mouth, eyes, or nose after touching a surface or object that has the virus on it.
However, once you catch COVID-19, it multiplies faster in the body even when you don’t show symptoms.
Additionally, you can transmit the virus even if you never show symptoms at all.
Some people showed mild to moderate symptoms only, while others showed severe COVID-19 symptoms.
As some communities began to reopen during the global coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, public health officials advised the best way to prevent this illness is to avoid being exposed to the virus.
There’s still a lot to learn about the COVID-19. We don’t know that there are some helpful precautions that we can take to slow down the spread of the virus.
Here are the top 5 ways you can help reduce the spread of COVID-19 to protect yourself and others:
- Washing your hands regularly
Regular hand-washing is one of the main ways to help prevent the transmission of this virus (COVID-19).
You should use plenty of soap and water to wash your hands for at least 20 seconds, especially after:
- Being in a public place
- Travelling on public transport
- Blowing one’s nose
If a person is not able to use soap and water, they are advised to use a hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol.
Washing your hands with soap or hand sanitizer helps kill any viruses on the hands that you may have come into contact with.
2. Avoid touching your face
A new report suggests that COVID-19 can remain on certain surfaces for up to 3 days or 72 hours.
You can get the virus on your hands if you touch any surface like:
- A doorknob
- Your cell phone
- Gas pump handle
Avoid touching any part of your face or head, including your nose, mouth, and eyes. This can help limit the spread of germs and viruses and reduce the likelihood of you getting sick.
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Also, avoid biting your fingernails. This can give COVID-19 a chance to go from your hands into your body.
3. Maintain Social Distancing
You should take care to avoid coming into close contact with others especially those who are older, unwell, or have any symptoms of the virus.
Distance yourself 6 feet or more from another person.
Skin-to-skin contact can also transmit COVID-19 from one person to another.
Avoid sharing personal items like:
It is also important not to share eating utensils and straws.
Teach children to recognize their reusable cup, straw, and other dishes for their own use only and avoid using others.
If a person lives within a community where COVID-19 is present, the relevant government will likely have additional instructions on how to implement social distancing.
These may include:
- Staying home from work or working from home
- Avoiding contact with anyone who is not a member of the household
- Prohibiting large gatherings of people
- Closing nonessential services, including bars and restaurants
We highly advise you to stay updated with your local government regarding social distancing norms.
4. Cover your mouth and nose when you sneeze and cough
COVID-19 is found in high amounts in parts of your face like nose and mouth. This means it can be carried by air droplets to other people when you talk, cough or sneeze.
It can also land on hard surfaces and stay there for up to 3 days or 72 hours.
It is advised to use a tissue or sneeze into your elbow to keep your hands as clean as possible.
Wash your hands carefully after you cough or sneeze.
We also advise you to wear a mask or cloth face covering, it may not protect the wearer, but it may keep the wearer from spreading the virus to others.
5. Clean and disinfect “high-touch” surfaces regularly
Take extra caution and use alcohol-based disinfectants to clean high-touch surfaces in your home like:
- Door handles
- Light switches
- Door knob
- Faucets and sinks
Disinfect areas properly after you bring groceries or packages into your home.
Use hydrogen peroxide solutions or white vinegar for general cleaning in between disinfecting surfaces.
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Bonus tip: Prepare for your needs in case you’ll need to stay home for an extended period.
Make sure you have enough groceries, medications and household items on hand, and that you know how to order more either online or by making a phone call.
Having a plan if you get sick, is not a bad idea. Talk to friends and family about who can help you if you get sick.
There is no reason to get panic, just follow the above-given tips and stay updated with the guidelines provided by WHO and the government that is required to break the chain of this virus and also to prevent a future pandemic.