Symptoms of Hypertension in Pregnancy: During pregnancy, women need to take care of their health the most. A little carelessness can prove to be fatal for the pregnant woman as well as the unborn baby in her womb. Often some women start having high blood pressure in the last month of pregnancy. If it is not controlled, it can be very harmful. Hypertension in pregnancy is also called pre-eclampsia. Pre-eclampsia can usually start after the 20th week of pregnancy in a pregnant woman. This is a serious condition for both the mother and the child. It can even lead to many complications. Let us know how the symptoms of high blood pressure are seen in pregnancy and how it can prove to be dangerous for a pregnant woman and the unborn baby.
Why does high blood pressure occur in pregnancy?
Dr. Manjiri Mehta, Consultant Gynecologist and Obstetrician, Hiranandani Hospital Vashi- Fortis Network Hospital It is said that having hypertension or high blood pressure in pregnancy is also called gestational hypertension. The problem of hypertension in pregnancy is about 7 to 8 percent. The reasons for this are not yet known properly, but there are many risk factors, due to which high blood pressure occurs. Being a mother at a very young age or at an older age can lead to high blood pressure. If the age of the woman is less than 20 years or more than 40 years, then the chances of getting hypertension increases.
Apart from this, the problem of hypertension also increases due to multiple pregnancies such as twins or having three or four children in the womb. Apart from this, if a woman already has any kidney related disease, then she may also have an increased problem of having high blood pressure. Also, in the case of women who had the problem of hypertension in the first pregnancy, there is a 25 percent chance that this problem will develop in the second pregnancy as well. If one already has high blood pressure, it may increase further during pregnancy.
harm to the unborn baby
If there is a problem of hypertension, then the physical development of the baby growing in the womb is not able to take place properly. Due to hypertension, the blood supply to the baby is reduced. Also, the weight of such children is also low at birth. Proper development is not possible. Sometimes, having high BP leads to early delivery, in which case the chances of sending the baby to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit or NICU increases due to low weight and premature delivery. .
Symptoms of hypertension in pregnancy
– blood pressure is higher than normal
– frequent headache
Blurred vision, eye problems
Abdominal pain like acidity
– Gaining more weight in less time
– excessive swelling in the body
FIRST PUBLISHED : May 16, 2022, 22:40 IST