What is Monkeypox virus: In the UK these days the fear of a new virus has started looming. The name of this virus is monkeypox. Recently, the first case of a person getting infected with monkeypox virus has come to light. This virus spreads from animals such as rats or monkeys to humans. According to reports, the person who has been found to have monkeypox virus had recently traveled to Nigeria. Currently, that infected person is being treated at St Thomas’ Hospital in London. Let us know, what is monkeypox disease, how its symptoms are seen and how this disease occurs.
what is monkeypox disease
Monkeypox is mainly transmitted to humans through rats and monkeys. If monkeypox virus will be present in these rodents or animals, then the person can also get infected by coming in contact with them. This is a rare disease. World Health Organization According to (WHO), monkeypox virus is mostly spread from wild animals such as rodents ie rats, monkeys and primates to people. Also it spreads from one person to another. Monkeypox is a viral zoonotic disease that occurs mainly in tropical rainforest regions of Central and West Africa and can occasionally spread to other regions. Monkeypox is caused by the monkeypox virus, a member of the Orthopoxvirus genus in the Poxviridae family.
How does it spread among humans
According to the WHO, the monkeypox virus is spread from person to person by contact with wounds, body fluids, droplets from coughing and sneezing and contact with contaminated material such as bedding. Generally, every tenth person suffering from monkeypox can die. In which most of the deaths occur in the younger age group.
symptoms of monkeypox
A person infected with monkeypox may have fever, severe headache, back pain, muscle pain, excessive loss of energy, skin rash, red skin rash, red rash on the body, feeling cold, lymph Swollen nodes are some of the common symptoms. According to the WHO, there may also be a skin rash in monkeypox patients, which can appear within 1 to 3 days of fever. In this, rashes are more visible on the face, as well as affects the palms, soles, cornea, conjunctivitis, genitals. The incubation period (from infection to onset of symptoms) of monkeypox is usually 6 to 13 days, but can be as long as 5 to 21 days.
treatment of monkeypox
The WHO says that there is currently no cure for monkeypox. The smallpox vaccine is given to prevent the virus from becoming more severe, increasing the symptoms, which has been found to be about 85 percent effective. In such a situation, every child should be vaccinated against smallpox in childhood to prevent severe symptoms of monkeypox.
ways to prevent monkeypox
Stay away from the person infected with the monkeypox virus.
Its patients live in isolation, so as not to infect others.
Wear a mask before going to the patient.
Take full care of hygiene.
Do not be in contact with any rodents like rats, monkeys.
Take healthy diet, take rest.
FIRST PUBLISHED : May 11, 2022, 15:23 IST