Symptoms of Vitamin B12 Deficiency: The way vitamins A, C, D, K etc. are necessary for the body, in the same way vitamin B12 is also a very essential nutrient to stay healthy. Vitamin B12 improves metabolism. Due to the supply of vitamin B12 in the body, it prevents from rheumatoid arthritis, Alzheimer’s disease, many types of physical pain. When there is a deficiency of vitamin B12 in the body, then the number of red blood cells also starts decreasing in the body. Due to this a person can suffer from anemia. Due to this there is a lack of blood in the body. There are also some problems in the brain and nervous system. In such a situation, it is very important that you include foods rich in vitamin B12 in your diet.
What is Vitamin B12
Vitamin B12 is also called cobalamin. This vitamin is a water soluble vitamin involved in metabolism. It is present less in plant-based foods and more in animal foods. These cells in the body make blood. It is also its job to divide the cells, to keep the nervous system healthy. It also helps in making white blood cells. Pregnant women are also advised to eat vitamin B12 during pregnancy. Helps in the development of the brain of the unborn baby.
Vegetarians and Vitamin B12
People who eat vegetarian food may have more vitamin B12 deficiency in their body, as it is not much present in any plant-based foods. It occurs in eggs, milk, but vitamin B12 is present in abundance in meat and fish, which makes it difficult for people following a strict vegetarian diet to get the required amount of vitamin B12. In such a situation, due to the deficiency of this vitamin, many signs are seen in the body and a sign can also be seen in your nails.
Signs of Vitamin B12 Deficiency
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In the research, a 12-year-old boy was included for the case study. In three months of this boy, the nails of both hands and feet had turned black. The study states that severe vitamin B12 deficiency has been shown to cause pigmentation and hyperpigmentation in the nails, especially the toenails. The child was given vitamin B12 therapy for seven days. Oral B12 supplements were given along with injections every week for four consecutive weeks. After a month of taking vitamin B12 therapy, the child showed improvement.
Symptoms of Vitamin B12 Deficiency
- weakness, tiredness or dizziness
- increased heartbeat
- shortness of breath
- yellowing of the skin
- greasy feeling of tongue
- constipation, diarrhea
- loss of appetite, gas problem
- neurological problems such as numbness or tingling
- muscle weakness and trouble walking
- vision loss
- memory loss
- behavior modification
Main Food Sources of Vitamin B12
If you do not have vitamin B12 deficiency in your body or if you see changes in the color of nails, problems with pigmentation, loss of appetite, rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath, etc., then you must see a doctor. . Also, eat eggs, milk, meat, fish, chicken, cheese, cereals, seafood, broccoli, salmon fish, oysters etc. in your diet.
FIRST PUBLISHED : May 20, 2022, 06:00 IST