Every year on 13 August ‘World Organ Donation Day’ is celebrated.
About 5 lakh people in India need organ transplant every year.
World Organ Donation Day 2022: World Organ Donation Day is celebrated every year in the second week of August. This day is celebrated every year to raise awareness about the need for organ donation and to encourage people to donate organs after death. Organ donation is a gift given as an organ to a person whose organ disease is in its final stage and who needs a transplant. The person who donates his or her organ is called an ‘organ donor’, while the person receiving the organ is called a ‘recipient’. Organ donation in most of the cases is important to save the life of the recipient, as his organs have become damaged or damaged due to illness or injury.
Dr. Sandeep Patil, Chief Intensivist, Fortis Hospital, (Kalyan, Mumbai) It is said that over the years, organ donation has played a very important role in the advancement of modern medicine and in saving countless lives. However, today the need for organ donation is very high, especially in India, as only 0.9 percent of the people who died in 2019 were organ donors. Our country needs about 2 lakh kidneys, 50,000 hearts and 5,000 livers to help the patients waiting for these life-saving organs.
Which organs and tissues of the human body can be transplanted?
Dr. Sandeep Patil It is said that many human organs and tissues can be transplanted from donor to recipient. Some of these are liver, kidney, pancreas, heart, lung, intestine, cornea, bone marrow and vascularized composite allografts, such as skin, uterus, bone, muscles, nerves and connective tissues.
Who can donate organs and what are the criteria?
Anyone can become an organ donor after death. There is no age limit to take this decision. However, whether the body parts can be used for donation or not, the final decision is taken in the hospital, as it has to be decided whether the organs are suitable for donation or not. There are generally three methods of organ donation, which are as follows:
three ways to donate
Brain Death: In this case, the blood supply to the brain stem stops due to infarct/bleeding/trauma. The brain stem itself controls the important centers of the body. In this the person loses the ability to breathe or stay alert. There is a difference between brain death and coma. The brain may be injured in a coma, but it has the potential to heal on its own. However, there is no chance of recovery in case of brain death and the brain is unable to function again. In such cases the person is declared brain dead and if his family wishes, his organs can be donated to the needy.
Circulatory Death: In this, the work of circulation stops after a heart attack and the person cannot be revived or activated. This can also happen if the patient’s survival treatment within the Intensive Care Unit or Emergency Department is stopped if there is no hope of recovery. In case of circulatory death, the patient is closely monitored and organ donation is done only when the circulation stops so that it cannot be started again. In the case of circulatory death, the time is very short, because without oxygenated blood the organs cannot survive outside the body for long.
Living Donation: The above two types of donation are for after the death of the person, whereas living donation can happen while the person is alive. A person can donate a kidney, a small part of the liver or a useless bone after changing the buttock or knee to his family or any needy.
Can a person who does not have a family register as an organ donor?
Dr. Sandeep Patil It is said that it is possible and it is also encouraged. If a person does not have relatives, then he can tell his closest friends or colleagues the decision to donate his organs after death. He can also ‘sign up’ for organ donation with different groups.
Who can’t donate organ?
Some people cannot donate their organs, those with certain diseases, such as cancer, HIV, infections (eg, sepsis), or people taking intravenous (IV) medication may not be able to donate their organs. However, registering as a donor is still important, as there is a detailed assessment at the time of death whether the organ is suitable for transplant.
Why should I become an organ donor?
Dr. Sandeep Patil It is said that about five lakh people in India need organ transplant every year. If they do not get organs, they will die and they will spend a lot of time in treatment just to survive.
People who need an organ transplant are usually sick or dying because they have lost one or more organs. These people can be from children to the elderly. If you choose to donate your organs, you can positively impact the lives of people who have been waiting for transplants for many years.
FIRST PUBLISHED : August 13, 2022, 08:44 IST